The Cobot Chronicles: Evaluating the Emergence, Evolution, and Impact of Collaborative Robots in Next-Generation Manufacturing
Keywords:Collaborative robots, Cobots, Manufacturing, Industry 4.0, Automation, Human-machine collaboration, Technological advancements, Workforce dynamics, Environmental sustainability, Nextgeneration manufacturing
The rapid advancement and integration of collaborative robots, or cobots, into the manufacturing sector have transformed the way production processes are conducted. This research survey aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the emergence, evolution, and impact of cobots in nextgeneration manufacturing. By examining the historical development, technological trends, and advancements in cobot technology, we provide key insights into the factors driving their adoption and the role cobots play in Industry 4.0. We first delve into the literature to explore the definitions, classifications, and milestones of cobots, as well as their current technological capabilities and market trends. We then analyze the factors driving the adoption of cobots in manufacturing, including the need for increased efficiency, flexibility, and human-machine collaboration. The survey also investigates the integration of cobots with other emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI), the Internet of Things (IoT), and augmented/virtual reality (AR/VR), which further enhances their capabilities and potential applications. The impact of cobots on next-generation manufacturing is evaluated, taking into account their effects on productivity, workforce skills, job roles, and environmental sustainability. We present case studies of successful cobot implementations across various industries to illustrate their transformative potential. Additionally, we discuss the challenges and limitations of cobots, including technical constraints, ethical concerns, and legal and social implications. Finally, we explore future research opportunities and potential applications of cobots in manufacturing, emphasizing the need for continued development and innovation to overcome current limitations and maximize their benefits. The survey concludes that cobots play a pivotal role in shaping the future landscape of the manufacturing industry, with significant implications for productivity, workforce dynamics, and sustainability. By understanding and embracing the transformative power of cobots, manufacturers can harness their potential to drive ongoing growth and competitiveness in an increasingly interconnected and automated world.