Biodegradable Ecofriendly Sustainable Tableware and Packaging: A Comprehensive Review of Materials, Manufacturing, and Applications
Keywords:Biodegradable materials, Eco-friendly alternatives, Sustainable materials, Renewable resources, Environmental impact, Biodegradability enhancement, Advanced manufacturing techniques, Waste-toresource technologies, Nanotechnology applications, public awareness and education
The growing environmental concerns caused by single-use plastic utensils and packaging have led to an increasing demand for sustainable and ecofriendly alternatives. This research survey paper aims to provide a comprehensive review of biodegradable tableware and packaging materials, manufacturing technologies, properties, applications, and ecological impact. The paper focuses on the use of wheat bran, rice bran, and corn starch as raw materials for producing biodegradable tableware and packaging products. The manufacturing processes for these products are discussed, highlighting their clean and environmentally friendly nature. The properties and applications of biodegradable tableware and packaging are explored, emphasizing their suitability for various uses and their potential to replace conventional disposable products. The ecological impact of these alternatives is assessed by comparing their environmental footprint to single-use plastic products and analyzing their biodegradability and compostability. The paper also examines market adoption, challenges, and the importance of public awareness and education in promoting the use of biodegradable, ecofriendly, sustainable products. Finally, the paper concludes by summarizing the potential benefits of biodegradable tableware and packaging and discussing future prospects for research and development in this field.